Print ISSN:-2395-1354

Online ISSN:-2395-1362


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Received : 17-01-2021

Accepted : 08-03-2021

Available online : 06-04-2021

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Morphological variations in proximal femoral nails in Indian scenario and its clinical application

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Original Article

Author Details : Sumit Kumar*, Ritabh Kumar, Pushkar Chawla

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 44-48

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Background: There is an increasing trend of use of cephalomedullary nail for the management of both stable and unstable intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric femoral fractures. Various western and Indian proximal femoral nails with different morphologies are available in Indian market that sometimes creates confusion amongst orthopedic surgeons about which nail to be preferred in different clinical scenarios for accurate outcomes.
Material and Methods: Ten different types of long femoral nails with 10 mm diameter (5 Western and 5 Indian) available in Indian market were taken and the morphology of these were studied and compared for 9 parameters.
Results: A lot of variation was seen amongst the Indian nails and western nails in proximal diameter, shape of proximal part of nail, distance of lag screw from tip, distance at which actual size of nail becomes 10mm, M-L angle (medio lateral angle), shape of nail shaft, configuration of distal screws, morphology of neck screw and centrum-collum –diaphyseal (CCD) angle.
Conclusion: Design of a nail may prove to be superior in some type of patients and fractures but may not be suitable for others. Pre-operative templating is must and surgeons need to consider all the factors in unison while deciding the type of nail to be used.

Keywords: Intertrochantric fractures, Proximal femoral nail.

How to cite : Kumar S , Kumar R , Chawla P , Morphological variations in proximal femoral nails in Indian scenario and its clinical application. Indian J Orthop Surg 2021;7(1):44-48

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Orthop Surg. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (