Print ISSN:-2395-1354

Online ISSN:-2395-1362

CODEN : IJOSHC

Article History

Received : 22-02-2021

Accepted : 01-03.2021

Available online : 06-04-2021



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Outcomes of simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament reconstruction


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Original Article

Author Details : Sunil Shivanna*, Aarthi Thiagarajan

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 53-56

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijos.2021.008



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Abstract

Multiligamentous knee injuries (MLKI) are rare orthopedic injuries with involvement of two or more ligaments in the knee. There are variety of combinations of MLKI and one such relatively common and important injury pattern is anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) plus medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury. Though MCL grade 1 and 2 does not warrant surgical management, grade 3 defintely needs reconstruction or repair according to past studies so as to avoid valgus instability. A retrospective study was conducted evaluating the outcomes of combined ACL and MCL injuries in 22 patients at our centre. Road traffic accidents (RTA) accounted for 45.5% of the total cases as the most common mechanism of injury. Out of 22 patients operated with simultaneous ACL and MCL reconstruction, 14 (63.6%) had good results based on Lyscholm scoring system, 5 (22.8%) had excellent results, and 3(13.6%) had fair result and none of our patients had poor results. Simultaneous single stage management of ACL and MCL injury has advantages like early rehabilitation, reduced number of hospital stay as well as absence of necessity for getting admitted and operated for each ligament separately which also brings down the cost to the patient.

Keywords: Reconstruction, ACL, MCL, Lyscholm.



How to cite : Shivanna S , Thiagarajan A , Outcomes of simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament reconstruction. Indian J Orthop Surg 2021;7(1):53-56


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Orthop Surg. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)